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How to Reach

Best Season

April − June and December. The temperature ranges between 12 and 20 degree Celsius in summer and between 8 and 18 degree Celsius in winter.

How to Reach

Air

The nearest airport are Madurai-120kms & Coimbatore – 190 kms.

Rail

The nearest railway stations to Kodaikanal are :

  • Kodai Road ( 80kms )
  • Dindigul ( 100kms )
  • Madurai ( 120kms )
  • Coimbatore ( 180kms )
  • Southern Railways
Road

Regular bus services from Kodaikanal to Chennai, Bangalore, Madurai, Dindigul, Trichy, Coimbatore, Palani, Theni & Erode.

History of Kodaikanal

In 1845, Kodaikanal was started as hill station in the Palani hills at 7375 ft. The Palani Hills were first surveyed by British Lieutenant Ward in 1821.The first people lived in the hills were dolmen-boulders, who have left here several visible artifacts. But dolmen sites have not been carbon dated. In the Palani hills Tribes are of two kinds, the Paliyans and Pulaiyans.Kukkal Caves, which in 20 kms. away from kodaikanal, show traces of Paliyan occupation. Paliyans are tribes. Next to Paliyans, Pulaiyans were settled as agriculturists at later stage. The survey report of 1821, reveals Pulaiyans were the aborigines of the Palani Hills and followed Tamil Culture.

British Lieutenant Ward had climbed up from the Kunnavan Village of Vellagavi to Kodaikanal first in 1821 to survey the area. In 1834, Madurai collector climbed up from Devadanappatti and built a small bungalow at the head of Adukkam pass near Shenbaganur Dr.Wight visited Kodaikanal in 1836 and recorded his observations which were very useful to botanists later. In 1844, Mr.Fane, an Englishmen built godowns in kodaikanal and familiarized with hill area. In 1845, the first two bungalows “Sunny-side” and “Shelton” were built by American Mission people with the help of Englishmen Mr.Fane. Then, six American families came up and stayed first at Kodaikanal. Following this, British houses also appeared. In 1864, Colonel Halmilton recorded his opinion in his report that Berijam lake area was the best site in the Palani Hills for a Military Cantonment or Sanitarium. The hill station Kodaikanal was created to serve the needs of the British and Europeans in India. In the 20th century the Indian Elite visited Kodaikanal and purchased property and utilized the facilities of British and Americans. Thus Kodaikanal has a complex and varied culture.

Access History

In 1875, Indian Railway extended its line from Madras to be Tirunelveli and a station was created at Ammainayakkanur (Kodai Road later) which facilitated the tourist to visit Kodaikanal. As a first phase of travel, tourist started from Ammainayakkanur Railway Station of Krishnamma Nayak Thope, a trek journey started to Kodaikanal (18 kms.distance only) with conveyances of horses, and Palanquins with sufficient coolies on hire. In 1854, a bridle path was formed from Krishnamma Nayak Thope for 10 miles at a cost of Rs.4500/-. In 1878, Rs.43000 was spent to extend the hill path, for ten more miles. Rs.3,20,000 was then spent to complete the path upto Kodaikanal.)

The first long distance visitor Major Partridge of Bombay army who visited Kodaikanal in 1852, imported Australian Eucalyptus trees to kodaikanal. In 1853, a group of American and British constructed a Anglican Church of St.Peter. In 1860, Roman Catholics brought Frenchmen, Belgians and Europeans to the hill. In 1852, Father St.Cyr visited Kodaikanal and bought “Baynes Bungalow” in 1860 and constructed ‘La Salette’ catholic priest church.In 1860, Madras Governor Sir Charles Trevelyan visited Kodaikanal and stayed in ‘Roseneath’. In 1871, New Governor, Lord Napier visited his bungalow was named as ‘Napier Villa’

In 1879, seventy five Europeans came to Kodai for the season.In1883 Kodaikanal had 615 permanent residents.Kodai has more sunshine than any other Indian hill station.The town nestles around the man-made Kodai Lake which spreads out in a star Shape over sixty acres.Kodai has thickly wooded slopes, well laid out walking paths through picturesque prospects, tumultuous waterfalls and steep rock outcrops. Just a few minutes walk in any direction from the heart of Kodai town, brings the tourist to spectacular scenery.

Kodai is rich in flora and fauna. In 1861 Major Doughlas Hamilton recorded 114 species of birds in Kodai and even discovered two new ones-the Laughing Thrush and the Kodai White-bellied Shortwing. Kodai has a unique plant-the Kurunji, which blossoms once in 12 years, when the hill slopes are ablaze of purple.

Near by Destinations


  • Madurai

    One of South India’s great temple towns, Madurai is synonymous with the celebrated Meenakshi Temple. Situated on the banks river Vaigai, Madurai has a rich cultural heritage passed on from the great Tamil era more than 2500 years old. Madurai was an important cultural and commercial center even as early as 550 AD. It was the capital city for the great Pandya kings

    The Pandyan King Kulasekaran built a great temple and created a lotus shaped city around the temple. On the day the city was to be named, as Lord shiva blessed the land and its people, divine nectar (Madhu) was showered on the city from his matted locks. This city was henceforth known as Madurai.

    Fact File

    Distance 125 Kms
    Duration 3.30 Hrs, Journey
    Area 22 Sq. Kms. (8.56 Sq. Miles)
    Population 10.9 lacks
    Altitude 101 meters (330 ft) above sea level
    Latitude 9.58 N
    Longitude 78.10 E
    Clothing Tropical
    Season Throughtout the year
    Languages Tamil, English, Sourashtra
    Festivals Madurai Meenakshi temple has festivals in all twelve Tamil months.
    Some of the popular festivals are:
    Chithirai Festival (April – May)
    Avanimool Festival (Sep – Oct)
    Navarathri Festival
    Float Festival (January – February)

    Places to Visit

    • Sree Meenakshi Temple
    • Thirumalai Nayak Palace
    • Gandhi Museum
    • Thirupparamkundram
    • Azhagar Kovil
    • Vandiyur Mariamman Teppakulam

  • Rameswaram

    The holy island of Rameswaram is known for one of india’s most venerated and most visited Shiva shrines, dedicated to Sri Ramanathaswamy. It is so intimately associated with the life of Sri Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, that both Shaivites and Vaishnavites consider every grain of Rameswaram’s sand very sacred.

    There is a traditional belief among the Hindus that a pilgrimage to Kashi will be complete only after a visit to Rameswaram, also hailed as “Benaras of the South”, Pilgrims aspire for a holy dip in the sea at Dhanushkodi, revered as Sethu Theertha, where the Mahodathi (Bay of Bengal) meets Ratnakara (Indian Ocean)

    Fact File

    Distance 300 Kms
    Duration 7 Hrs, Journey
    Area 51.8 sq.kms
    Population 32,660 (1991 census)
    Altitude Sea level
    Climate Summer : 30.0’C – 38.0’C
    Winter : 25.0’C – 30.0’C
    Rainfall 50 cms average
    Clothing Tropical
    Season Throught out the year
    Languages Tamil, English and Hindi

    Places to Visit

    • Ramanathaswamy Temple
    • Agnitheertham
    • Gandamadana Parvatham
    • Dhanushkodi

  • Kanyakumari

    Kanyakumari is located at the southern tip of the Indian subcontinent. With an area of 1672 sq.km., Kanyakumari occupies 1.29% of the total extent of Tamil Nadu. The district name is specified as ‘Kanyakumari’ in official records which are in tune with the spoken name of the district Tamil languages. The District is bounded by Tirunelveli District on the North and the East. The South Eastern boundary is the Gulf of Mannar. On the South and the South West, the boundaries are the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea. On the West and North West it is bound by Kerala.

    Fact File

    Distance 380 Kms
    Duration 9 Hrs, Journey
    Altitute Sea-level
    Temp Summer : 25.0’C – 33.0’C
    Winter : 12.0’C – 20.0’C
    Season September – May
    Monsoon October – December
    Summer March to June
    Clothes Cottons all year round
    Airport Thiruvananthapuram, 93 Kms
    Railway Station Kanyakumari

    Places to Visit

    • Gandhi Memorial
    • Swami Vivekananda Rock Memorial
    • Kumari Amman Temple
    • Thiruvalluvar Statue

  • Palani

    Palani Hill Temple and the Idol “Lord Murugan” is the deity of the Tamil Land, Palani (Tiru Avinankudi) is the third Padai Veedu. The temple at palani is an ancient one, situated at an elevation of 1500 feet above sea level. It is a charming place from where one can take a look at the Idumban Hill, the Kodaikanal Hill, the Western Ghats, the greenery of the paddy fields, rivers, tanks, Palani town and the colleges. On a lovely, clear and mist-free day, the Kurinji Andavar Temple is visible from here against the bright Sun. In daytime, Palani hill is beautiful and at Night it is Resplendent.

    Fact File

    Distance 65 Kms
    Duration 2.30 Hrs, Journey
    Elevation 1068 ft (324 metres) above sea-level
    Area 6.63sq.km
    Languages Tamil and English
    Clothing Tropical

    Places to Visit

    • Murugan Temple
    • Tiru Avinankudi Temple
    • Mariamman Kovil
    • Periyanayaki Amman Kovil
    • Kuthiraiyar Dam Falls

  • Coimbatore

    The third largest city in Tamil Nadu-India, is known for its culture and hospitality. It is situated in the western parts of Tamil Nadu at 11′ North Latitude and 77′ East Longitude.

    Coimbatore has more than 40,000 small, medium and large scale industries which serves the engineering needs of major parts of the country. As the standards of education is very high, and the availability of engineering, arts & science, medical, nursing, law and other colleges made Coimbatore a popular destination for studies among the neighboring states.

    Fact File

    Distance 185 Kms
    Duration 5 Hrs, Journey
    Area 105 sq. km
    Population 1.96 million

    Places to Visit

    • Parambikulam
    • Government Museum
    • Marudamalai Temple
    • Monkey Falls
    • Siruvani Dam and Waterfalls

  • Ooty

    Ooty also known as Udhagamandalam and the capital of Nilgiris district. It is one of the most popular tourist resorts in India.

    Nilgiris means “Blue Mountains”. It is a land of picturesque picnic sports, used to be popular summer and weekend gateway for the Britishers during the colonial days. It is situated at an altitude of 2,240 meters above sea level.

    Fact File

    Distance 280 Kms
    Duration 8 Hrs, Journey
    District Area 36 Sq.Kms
    Population 87,763
    Altitude 2,240 mts
    Climate Summer : Max. 21’C, Min.10’C
    Winter : Max. 21’C, Min. 5’C
    Rainfall 121 cms
    Season April to June & September to November
    Languages Badaga, Tamil, Kannada, Hindi, Malayalam and English
    Clothing Heavy Woolen in winter
    Light Woolen in summer

    Places to Visit

    • Ooty Rose Gardens
    • Max World – (Wax Museum)
    • Sims Park (Coonoor)
    • The Tea Factory
    • Boating at Pykara
    • Falls at Pykara
    • Historical Dam with Power station at Pykara
    • Hidden Valley
    • Echo Rock

  • Thekkady

    Thekkady in Kerala State, India’s largest wildlife sanctuary is a dream destination for any tourist visiting India. The 120 years old ‘Surki’ is dam built across Periyar.

    Poorna in Vedic parlance, is a major tourist attraction. This Sanctuary is spread over an area of 777 Sq.Kms, surrounded by an artificial lake over an area of 25 Sq.Kms.

    Fact File

    Distance 190 Kms
    Duration 5 Hrs, Journey
    Location 9’15’ and 9’40’ north latitude
    76’55’ and 77’25’ east longitude
    Altitude Varying from 900m. to 1800 m
    Climate Min. 15.5’C – Max. 30’C
    Season August to May
    June to August – Rainy

    Places to Visit

    • The Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary
    • The Sanctuary watch towers
    • Kumily
    • Murikkady
    • Pandikuzhi
    • Mangala Devi Temple
    • Chellarkovil

  • Munnar

    Munnar – breathtakingly beautiful – a haven of peace and tranquility – the idyllic tourist destination in God’s own country.

    Set at an altitude of 6000 ft in Idukki district, Munnar was the favored summer resort of the erstwhile British rulers in the colonial days. Unending expanse of tea plantations – pristine valleys and mountains – exotic species of flora and fauna in its wild sanctuaries and forests – aroma of spice scented cool air – yes!

    Munnar has all these and more. It’s the place you would love to visit – it’s the place you would wish never to leave.

    Fact File

    Distance 180 Kms
    Duration 4.30 Hrs, Journey
    Altitude 1600 Mts, to 1800 Mts, above sea level
    Climate Min. 0’C – Max. 25’C
    Clothing Warm Clothes and Rain Gear
    Season August to March

    Places to Visit

    • Mattupetty
    • Pothamedu
    • Devikulam
    • Nyayamaked
    • Chithirapuram
    • Rajamala
    • Eravikulam National Park
    • Power House Waterfalls
    • Kundala